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Secondhand Smoke is Poison

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NEW figures suggest at least 1 in 10 North East children are still being exposed to toxic secondhand smoke in the home as a hard hitting new campaign by Fresh supported by the British Lung Foundation launches today.

 

The "Secondhand smoke is Poison" campaign is warning that smoking in the home exposes not just smokers but  children and adults to harmful levels of toxic chemicals such as carbon monoxide, benzene and cyanide which creep from room to room and can linger for up to five hours. The campaign was first launched by the Scottish Government in 2014.

 

85% of secondhand smoke is invisible and odourless but many people are not aware that steps like opening a window, smoking by the back door or smoking in another room does little to protect children and other non-smoking adults.

 

Secondhand smoke causes numerous health problems in infants and children, raising the risks of more frequent and severe asthma attacks, respiratory infections, ear infections, and even meningitis and sudden infant death. Children are more vulnerable because they breathe faster than adults so inhale more of the poisons.

 

Among adults, studies have consistently shown exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk of stroke and, coronary heart disease (CHD)  and lung cancer in non-smokers. Breathing secondhand smoke interferes with the normal functioning of the heart, blood, and vascular systems in ways that increase the risk of having a heart attack. Even brief exposure can damage the lining of blood vessels and cause blood platelets to become stickier.

 

Ailsa Rutter, Director of Fresh, said: "When someone lights a cigarette they are setting fire to a cocktail of chemicals and industrial pollutants. These not only go into the lungs and around the body, but into the air as secondhand smoke.

 

"Every parent wants to protect their children. However, many smokers think they're already doing enough by opening a window or smoking the back door, without realising how poisonous secondhand smoke spreads around the house and lingers, long after you can see it or smell it.

 

"Smokers we have talked to felt this was important information that people needed to know, even if these facts are shocking. This isn't about a person's choice to smoke, but being clear that if they aren't thinking about quitting, then taking it right outside is the best way to ensure they don't put their family's health at risk."

 

The Royal College of Physicians 2010 report "Passive Smoking and Children" estimated that secondhand smoke exposure in UK children each year caused over 20,000 cases of lower respiratory tract infection, 120,000 cases of middle ear disease, at least 22,000 new cases of wheeze and asthma, 200 cases of bacterial meningitis, and 40 sudden infant deaths - one in five of all cot deaths.

 

Dr Malcolm Brodlie, consultant in paediatric respiratory medicine at the Great North Children's Hospital and MRC clinician scientist and clinical senior lecturer at the Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, said: "Breathing in secondhand smoke is harmful to people from all age groups, but children are especially vulnerable as their lungs are still developing and they breathe faster than adults, so inhale more of the harmful poisons. There is no safe level of exposure.

 

"We see the effects of this on hospital wards too often. Babies and children who breathe in smoke are more likely to have problems with asthma attacks and chest infections, and need more hospital care and doctors' appointments.

 

"Most parents take this seriously when they realise that their smoking may be making their child unwell and want to do something positive about it."

 

The campaign website smokefreefamilies.co.uk gives people the facts, helping them understand how smoking indoors pollutes the air their family breathes, and how they can take simple steps to make their home and car smoke free, which can include switching to an electronic cigarette.

 

This is the second time Fresh has teamed up with the British Lung Foundation to launch a major campaign aimed at raising awareness of the risks of tobacco smoke, following the "Every Breath" campaign which first launched in 2011. The BLF campaigned for the law preventing smoking in cars with children which was introduced in 2015 and is now supported by 91% of North East adults.

 

Dr Penny Woods, chief executive of the British Lung Foundation, said: "Secondhand smoke is poison, with potential to cause severe damage to children's health in enclosed spaces. We campaigned successfully for legislation to stop people smoking in cars with children, where concentrations of smoke can be 11 times higher than found previously in the average smoky pub. Unfortunately, some people continue to smoke in other environments, not realising that the fumes raise the risk of severe asthma attacks and respiratory infections among children.

 

"Increasing awareness of these dangers through vital educational campaigns, like this one, is the key to helping people protect their families' health."

 

In contrast to the known harm from secondhand smoke, there is no evidence of harm to bystanders from exposure to e-cigarette vapour. The many harmful chemicals in tobacco smoke are either not contained in e-cigarette vapour at all, or are usually found at much lower levels. The risks to bystanders from exposure to e-cigarette vapour are likely to be extremely low, with the most likely effect being limited to irritation of the throat.

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